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Facebook may be finally making it just a bit easier to see all of their settings that control privacy by putting together a Privacy Basics at https://www.facebook.com/about/basics that will lead you into stepping through their Privacy Checkup to see some of your basic settings.

Another alternative to Photoshop, that runs on Mac or PC and is free, is Krita <https://krita.org/>. Apart from letting you edit images, it has tools to more easily let you paint and create digital artwork. Have fun creating.

Even though google became a verb some years ago, there are other search engines to use with different advantages. DuckDuckGo.com is a favorite for not tracking any information about your searches. For video search alternatives to youtube, there is vimeo.com, and yahoo.com does rather well as an alternative for image searches at <https://images.search.yahoo.com>. And, you can even search for sound effects at < http://www.findsounds.com/>.

Public WiFi networks are pervasive and tempting to use, and there are some steps you should take to keep your device and internet traffic safe. When using any network other than one you trust, you should always turn off file and printer sharing. If you are joining a network in Windows, always set it to public. And, turn off WiFi as soon as you are done. Make sure that you are using SSL, that the web address starts with https, especially on any site you are logging into. Luckily, most common social media sites have moved to SSL-based logins. And, maybe you should find out how to use your own smartphone as a hotspot for safer browsing, just avoid streaming long movies <G>.

With email, don’t neglect the closing as it may have an equally important effect on getting a reply. Boomerang, a company that makes email productivity programs, has studied email closings to see what differences they would elicit. Business emails that ended with “thankful closings” like “thanks in advance” got the highest response rate. <http://blog.boomerangapp.com/2017/01/how-to-end-an-email-email-sign-offs/>

If you occasionally need to encrypt a file before you send it off to someone, you should try whisply <https://whisp.ly/>. It lets you encrypt a file and share it out through Dropbox, Google Drive or Microsoft’s OneDrive. And, you can even add a PIN or password to further protect that file.

There is another way to organize email, there always is just keep everything in the inbox and then search for what you need, or you could try using four priority folders in addition to the inbox. They would be, today, this week, this month, and informational. As new messages come in, you sort them by when they need to be handled, or pitch them in the trash.

There are some good free video editors on the Mac, you don’t have to pay for high-end software if your needs are mostly to trim clips, assemble clips into a storyline, lay over music or other audio, correct colors, or insert transitions between clips. Various ones to look at include: Davinci Resolve 12.5 at https://www.blackmagicdesign.com/products/davinciresolve (the Studio version costs nearly $1,000 so go for the free one), OpenShot at http://www.openshot.org/ which has a PC version also, Shotcut at https://www.shotcutapp.com/ also with a PC version, and there is always Blender at https://www.blender.org/ though geared towards 3D creation can handle video editing.

Some day you might want to see how much information a site can collect from you and your mouse pointer. When you are ready, visit https://clickclickclick.click/ (yes, that domain really does end with dot click, it is one of the many top level domains other than the dot com) Run it for a bit, switch away to something else, move your pointer around, and read what they are finding out using JavaScript. The only real way to stop this data gathering is to block scripts and then you may find out how many sites lose functionality.

If you don’t have to have Office or don’t want to get caught on the subscription treadmill called Office 365, you might want to check out a few other free office suites. Anyone with a google account should try Google Docs, Sheets, and Slides to see if their word processing, spreadsheet, or presentation needs can be met right there. It works best if you have an internet connection. If you would rather run the software on your computer, install LibreOffice from http://www.libreoffice.org/ There are Mac and Windows versions reminiscent of the layout of older editions of Microsoft Office. A final online collaboration oriented suite is Zoho Docs at https://www.zoho.com/docs/ and if you are careful you should be able to find their free plan, good for up to 25 users.

On a Mac, you might decide you want to hide that big banner of an OS update to Sierra. Simply right-click or hold down the Ctrl key and clicking anywhere in that banner and regular click or left-click on Hide Update.

I waited long enough, now a great online paid course on dealing with procrastination is free and on Youtube. Rather than put that really long link here, I would suggest you search on Youtube for “how to stop procrastinating full design” and make sure the video is by “Successful by Design.”

In Windows 10 there are many privacy related settings scattered around in different settings panes. Luckily, there are some 3rd party apps to help manage them. Spybot makes Anti-Beacon at https://www.safer-networking.org/spybot-anti-beacon/ good on Windows 7 through 10, to pull many settings together. If you want to work with XP or Vista you should look at Windows Privacy Tweaker from https://www.phrozensoft.com/2015/09/windows-privacy-tweaker-4

If you already talk to your iPhone, why not do the same to your Mac? The Mac has built-in dictation that can be used to type with just your voice. Set it up by going to System Preferences, then Keyboard, to then click on the Dictation tab where you can turn it on. Then learn how to toggle it to listen or back off, the default keyboard shortcut is to tap the Fn key twice. You can also find the Start Dictation command on the Edit menu for any program that supports dictation.

Soon Chrome, Google’s brand of web browser, will be warning you that site not using SSL (starting with https:// or showing that lock symbol) are insecure. This should start at the beginning of 2017, with the words Not Secure showing to the left of the web address. I would also expect some more pop-up style fake alerts if people do not learn what the real alert looks like. See https://security.googleblog.com/2016/09/moving-towards-more-secure-web.html

Flying in the near future and trying to find cheap tickets may be easier with Google Flights https://www.google.com/flights/. They let you play with all sorts of scheduling options, including interests like food or ecotourism, multi-city itineraries, and even how many stops you will tolerate.

There is a way to see if you have an Internet of Things (IoT) device, like a baby cam, a smart TV or thermostat, that is open to being hacked from the web. Bullguard provides an online scanner that can let you know if you have devices on the same network as your computer that could be open to remote hacking. It is at http://iotscanner.bullguard.com/

A lesson in trust, you may be using the Web of Trust plugin to check on how sites are crowd rated based on trustworthiness and child safety. It has come out that they both sell your browsing history and worse, having claimed that they anonymize it, it turns out they have not done a good job of stripping out information that can lead back to you. The lesson from this, other than first uninstalling Web of Trust, is that we don’t know anything about how companies are anonymizing data they sell about us.

Windows programs can be set to always open maximized. You will have to work with a shortcut for the program. Search for the app you want in the Start Menu, then right-click it and choose Pin to Taskbar. Right-click on the app’s icon on the Taskbar, then right-click again on the app’s name in the resulting menu and choose Properties. On the Shortcut tab under the Run: field, change the value from Normal Window to Maximized. Now, starting that program from the shortcut on the taskbar will make it launch at full size.

There is a quick way to “kill” some of those scary tech support scams that pop up on your computer. These are those windows that open up, nearly always from the web, trying to get you to call Microsoft for help. If you can, with the mouse, right-click on the task bar at the bottom of your screen and select Task Manager, you will end up with a window listing your web browser application, along with other things you might have open. Select your browser, or maybe just go down the list, and click on the End task button in the lower right corner. You may discover that your scary window has gone away.

There are new features in iOS 10 for the Apple iPhone and iPad that might attract your attention. Finally, there is a built-in magnifier, easily accessible with three Home button clicks. You have to enable this triple Home button click by going to Settings > General > Accessibility > Magnifier and sliding the button to the right. And, if you frequently send pictures in Messages, you may want to cut down on data by going to Settings > Messages > Low Quality Image Mode and sliding on low quality image mode. For more hands-off car safety, Siri can now announce the caller’s name or phone number, see Settings > Phone > Announce Calls and check how you want Siri to announce calls.

Another smartphone weather app is now available through a web browser. DarkSky.net will show you forecasts, and details when you click into the specific day, that are based on aggregated data from a variety of weather forecasting bodies around the world. For the weather data nerds look at <http://forecast.io/raw/> for their sources.

Even more exercises to help undo the effects of slouching at your computer with some simple exercises can be seen in this YouTube video <https://youtu.be/N_KDkC4tois> , however they require a bit of floor space and probably some privacy.

Information from the American Chemical Society points out at least three steps to improve lithium-ion battery life. These include: avoiding high heat as it speeds up chemical reactions in the battery requiring more frequent charging; not letting the battery die or drop to really low to zero charge; and storing your device at around 50% battery charge if you are going on vacation without that device and then keeping it in a cool place.

Frame by frame advancement is fun and possible in YouTube videos by first pausing the video with the letter k and then using the period key to go back frame by frame or the comma to advance a frame at a time. Use the letter k to start up the video again.

Facebook, as useful as it may be, can use some fixing. So, if you have been annoyed by certain facets of Facebook, try installing the social fixer web browser plugin <http://socialfixer.com/> and check out the new social fixer menu in Facebook that let you hide political posts, posts you have read already, hide “sponsored stories”, and even hide certain parts of the Facebook page that you really don’t want or need to see.

Password advice, Lynda training, router setup pointers

Some new rules for passwords come from the US National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST.) As you make new passwords or change existing ones, don’t just go for the minimum you feel is forced on you, go with such improvements as: use more than eight characters in the password as more is harder to guess; stay away from known bad passwords like common sports teams or “password”; and consider using a passphrase with punctuation marks if allowed. Additionally, the NIST finds password hints as dangerous, as are all of those recovery questions that often involve answers are publically available. And, they find that forcing frequent password changes means that people use easy passwords, rather than using something longer but harder to guess.

On the Mac side of things, there is another app that can help with screen dimming. Some of you may use f.lux for changing your screen to a less blue color later in the evening and now you may want to add in lumen to help adjust screen brightness on an app by app basis, depending on how light or dark an app is. It will darken the screen for those apps that use a lot of white while raising the brightness for those darker apps. Unfortunately, there is not an easy installer but the process of installing lumen may encourage you to learn a bit more about the underpinnings of the Mac operating system J. Lumen is at <https://github.com/anishathalye/lumen>

For anyone with an A-B Tech student account, you can access all sorts of computer training for free from Lynda.com, one of the best online software training sites. Ask at the A-B Tech library for more information.

When setting up a new router, there are a some things to do that can help with performance and security. First, set up the router in a central location and in the middle of an imaginary bubble surrounding your house while not placing it right by masonry walls or by microwave ovens or telephone base stations. And, then orient the antennas, if you have them, perpendicular to each other. Second, change the default administrator password, if possible and update the router’s software or firmware. Third, make sure that outside or remote management is turned off. Fourth, figure out how to change the radio channels and experiment with different ones to see if performance improves. This does not matter as much if there are not other Wi-Fi networks within range. And, finally, if you have the choice for setting up a guest network or enabling parental controls, decide if either or both will help with limiting abuse of your internet connection.

Figuring out if an online review is legitimate involves things like: looking at what specifics are being criticized or complemented vs. just generally repeating ad copy; did the reviewer actually use the item or visit the place; are relevant points being discussed; and is the item, place, or service being compared on similar points to related items, places, or services.

Ransomware, that malicious infection on your computer that encrypts and holds hostage your data, as affect quite a few businesses. Luckily there is a site that pulls together many of the tools and advice to help if you fall prey to this nasty attack. Check out <nomoreransom.org> and do it before you need to.

I love any study that reminds anyone born before the early 1980’s that millennials are not perfect with all technology. A recent study, sponsored by Dropbox, shows that many older adults are actually less frustrated by having to use a variety of different devices and machines in their work compared to the younger set. One theory is that younger people may be expecting the same type of screen interaction they are used to in their personal life and get frustrated with older style interfaces at work sites.

During the summer you have to be careful about leaving computers, tablets and smartphones in the car during the day or even leaving them in direct sunlight in the house. They can overheat; luckily some devices, like the iPhone, will tell you when it is too hot and will not run until you let it cool down. Certain cases can interfere with cooling also. As some batteries get hot as they charge, you may need to open up the case. Of course, some apps and games will also heat up your device, but at least those you can quit out of with flicks or taps.

In Windows 10 Anniversary Update (that big one year update to Windows 10), the Microsoft Edge web browser is finally supporting extensions or plugins. You can now add functionality like Ad Block Pro, or LastPass and more. You install them through the Windows Store by opening the Store, selecting Apps from the menu and going down to Extensions for Microsoft Edge. Over the next few months more extensions should be showing up in the Windows Store.

People with older Mac and iOS devices like iPads and such might want to check out Apple’s minimums hardware requirements for their next version of assorted operating systems, for the most part Mac should be no older than 2010 models and iOS devices should be iPhone 5 or newer, or iPad 4 and up, iPad Mini 2 and up, and iPad Air or newer. More information on new features for Sierra for Mac is at <http://www.apple.com/macos/sierra-preview/> and for iOS 10 at <http://www.apple.com/ios/ios10-preview/>.